Sulfasalazine has been used to treat humans with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease as well as in veterinary patients with the elusive IBD. Cannulation of the anal sac ducts determines whether they are occluded. Abscesses can recur if the fistula seals over, allowing the accumulation of pus. Antibiotherapy is recommended to control secondary infection, which is almost always present. The lesions vary in severity but at first appear as small oozing holes in the skin. Factors associated with recurrence and incontinence. Setons are also used during staged fistulotomies of high anal fistulas.
An immune-mediated process is suspected because both canine anal furunculosis and Crohn's disease respond to down-regulating the immune response.
Small Animal Topics
This process was supervised by ACVS Diplomates, ensuring consistency in training and adherence to high standards. Laser-specific facemasks, wavelength-specific eyewear, smoke evacuators, surgical instruments, and laser-safe endotracheal tubes are required. The anal sacs may be normal, impacted, or ruptured. Tapering CsA too quickly is a frequent cause of clinical relapse. Amputation of the tail at its base was once advocated alone or adjunctively with other therapy. The external anal sphincter, anal sacs, and rectal mucosa should be assessed.